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A new era in weapon delivery began on June 13, 1944 when the first V-1 was fired at London.
First test flown by 1942, the V-1 was the forerunner of today's cruise missile.
The V-1 was relatively simple and inexpensive to build, allowing them to be built in large numbers.
Their simplicity, sturdy steel skin and low operating altitude made them difficult targets. However, of the 10,000 that were fired towards London, less than 2,500 made it through the layered defences of barrage balloons, anti-aircraft guns and aircraft. The ominous sound of their pulse jet engines struck terror into the hearts of those who heard them.