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Wilbur (1867-1912) and Orville (1871-1948) built their first glider, a biplane kite with wings that could be twisted mechanically, in 1899.
The brothers made their first trip to Kitty Hawk, N.C., in 1900 to conduct glider experiments.
With Charles Taylor’s powerful four-cylinder engine and an efficient propeller, on Dec. 17, 1903, Orville piloted the first powered, heavier-than-air flight of 12 seconds and 120 feet.
Wilbur flew later in the day, staying aloft for 59 seconds and covering 852 feet.
In 1909, they formed the American Wright Company and proceeded to manufacture their improved planes and to train pilots.