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In 1909 the Army purchased its first aircraft "Airplane No.1", aka the Wright Flyer. By 1914, the military established the aviation section of the U.S. Signal Corps., which in 1926 became the US Army Air Corps.
U.S. involvement in WWI was imminent, a U.S. fighter was needed to fill the gap between our early trainers and the front-line fighters at war in Europe. America's first combat aircraft the "Scout" or "Tommy" was introduced in 1916.
With three years less war knowledge, experience, and air inferiority the U.S. entered WWI in 1917, having acquired nearly 250 aircraft and 131 officers, 83 of them were pilots.
The Tommy had the look and feel of a fighter, it was a trim, single-seat biplane made of wood, fabric and braced by wires.
The Scout's designer, B.D. Thomas, also designed the Curtiss Jenny and influenced fighter aircraft design for the next decade.
The original Gnome rotary engine lacked power and the Scout was relegated to training. The version with the LeRhone rotary engine, which actually spins in the airframe, become so successful that by 1918 orders for over 1,000 new S-4C's were placed.
Also, the most famous version, the S-4C won the "On to Dayton" race in the 1924 and is said to possess an unbelievable fast, tight turn capability.
This S-4C is a movie star, like many used in the filming of "Hell's Angels", "Lafayette Escadrille" and "Dawn Patrol".
Delivered: August 1918
No service cards survive for this aircraft.
MFG: Thomas-Morse Corp.
Built In: Ithaca, New York
First Produced: 1918
Powerplant: LeRhone C-9
Service Ceiling: 15,000 ft
Cruise: 75 mph
Top Speed: 95 mph
Range: 250 miles
Empty Weight: 960 lbs
Gross Weight: 1,330 lbs
Wing Span: 26’6” Upper
Wing Area: 234 sq. ft
Armament: 1 - Marlin 30 cal Machine Gun
Number Built: 550 total
447 LeRone powered